U.S. Blacklisted China’s Xiaomi Due to Award Given to Its Founder

HONG KONG—U.S. officers blacklisted Chinese language smartphone big

Xiaomi Corp.

1810 -3.74%

as an organization with navy ties partly because of an award given to the corporate’s founder for his service to the state, the U.S. Division of Protection stated in a authorized submitting.

Lei Jun, the chief govt officer and founding father of Xiaomi, obtained the award of “Excellent Builder of Socialism with Chinese language Traits” in 2019 from the Ministry of Business and Info Know-how. Xiaomi touts the award—given to 100 Chinese language executives that yr—on Mr. Lei’s biography web page on the corporate’s web site and in its annual report.

The award—coupled with Xiaomi’s bold funding plans in superior applied sciences resembling 5G and synthetic intelligence—was sufficient for the Protection Division in January so as to add Xiaomi to an inventory of corporations that assist China’s navy, in keeping with the submitting. The designation prohibits Individuals from investing within the firm, the world’s third-largest smartphone vendor.

The U.S. rationale for including Xiaomi to its listing was specified by a courtroom submitting by the Protection Division in response to a lawsuit in U.S. District Court docket in Washington, D.C., by the Chinese language firm in search of to overturn the navy designation. The submitting, which appeared final week however hasn’t beforehand been reported, for the primary time make clear the division’s reasoning in including an organization to the listing.

A Xiaomi spokeswoman didn’t instantly touch upon the submitting. The corporate has beforehand denied any affiliations with the Chinese language navy and says it sells services solely for civilian and industrial use.

Xiaomi was added to the Protection Division’s listing through the waning days of the Trump administration on Jan. 14, alongside eight different Chinese language corporations, together with aerospace and chip companies. In whole the division has added 44 corporations to its listing, together with telecom big Huawei Applied sciences Corp. and computing chip maker

Semiconductor Manufacturing Worldwide Corp.

, each of which have additionally denied any navy hyperlinks.

Shares of Xiaomi, which greater than tripled in Hong Kong final yr, have fallen 25% since its Jan. 14 shut.

Xiaomi’s designation caught many analysts abruptly given its fundamental deal with shopper electronics. Along with smartphones, the corporate makes internet-connected devices like air purifiers, scooters, body-weight scales and health bands. In contrast to Huawei, its fundamental Chinese language rival in handsets, it doesn’t promote communications infrastructure or different gear usually considered as delicate.

Xiaomi’s fortunes within the cutthroat smartphone market have boomed previously yr because it wolfed up market share from Huawei. Globally, its handset shipments soared by practically one-third within the fourth quarter, making it the No. 3 vendor behind

Apple Inc.


Samsung Electronics Co.

, in keeping with Worldwide Information Corp.

In its lawsuit, Xiaomi complained that the division supplied no clarification for its resolution, nor did it give the corporate an opportunity to reply.

Mr. Lei’s award was from China’s MIIT, the federal government company that oversees Chinese language tech and industrial coverage and which the Protection Division stated helps handle China’s coverage of civil-military fusion, by which Beijing leans on non-public enterprise to assist develop navy know-how.

The tech battle between the U.S. and China has battered TikTok and Huawei and startled American corporations that produce and promote in China. WSJ explains how Beijing is pouring cash into high-tech chips because it desires to turn into self-sufficient. Video/Illustration: George Downs/The Wall Avenue Journal (Initially Printed Sept. 3, 2020)

The award is given as soon as each 5 years to high private-sector entrepreneurs. The final award, in 2019, was given to 100 folks. Different notable CEOs who additionally made the lower embrace Ding Lei of web and videogame firm

NetEase Inc.,

Wang Gaofei of social media agency

Weibo Corp.


Wang Chuanfu

of auto maker


A second purpose cited by the Protection Division was Xiaomi’s plans to take a position 50 billion yuan, equal to $7.7 billion, over 5 years into 5G know-how and synthetic intelligence. Mr. Lei outlined the funding plans in a New Yr’s message to employees in January 2020. In its submitting the Protection Division stated: “Each of those applied sciences are of key curiosity to the PRC, and are a spotlight of the Army-Civil Fusion technique,” calling China by its full title, the Individuals’s Republic of China.

On Thursday,

Luokung Know-how Corp.

, a Chinese language big-data firm added to the Protection Division listing alongside Xiaomi in January, additionally filed a lawsuit within the U.S. in search of its removing.

Write to Dan Strumpf at [email protected]

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